Anne Silverman

Associate Professor, Mechanical Engineering

Anne SilvermanDr. Silverman earned her B.S.E. from Arizona State University and M.S.E. and Ph.D. from The University of Texas at Austin.

Her research program in musculoskeletal biomechanics centers on understanding muscle function to develop effective treatment and device interventions. Dr. Silverman uses experimental gait analysis and computational whole-body modeling techniques to identify functional roles of individual muscles in pathological movement.  These tools are applied to various motions and populations with the ultimate goal of improving mobility for people with disabilities.

Previous projects have identified muscle and joint compensations in people with lower-limb amputations across a range of walking speeds. Current projects include evaluating muscular responses to powered prosthetic devices, using musculoskeletal modeling to guide and assess physical therapy in children with cerebral palsy, linking whole-body movements to joint mechanics and degeneration, and characterizing dynamic balance during locomotion.

Research Areas

  • Muscular compensations resulting from the use of prosthetic and assistive devices
  • Balance regulation during dynamic tasks
  • Musculoskeletal modeling analyses to predict optimal treatment interventions
  • Therapy and treatment effects on movement performance in children with cerebral palsy and people with Parkinson’s disease
  • Relationships between whole-body movement and the development of joint disorders


  • Actis, J.A., D.H. Gates, L.A. Nolasco, and A.K. Silverman (2018). Low Back Biomechanics of People with a Transtibial Amputation during Sit-to-Stand. Journal of Biomechanics, 69, 1-9.
  • Actis, J.A., J.D. Honegger, D.H. Gates, A.J. Petrella, L.A. Nolasco, and A.K. Silverman (2018). Validation of Lumbar Spine Loading from a Musculoskeletal Model Including the Lower Limbs and Lumbar Spine. Journal of Biomechanics, 68, 107-114.
  • Pickle, N.T., A.M. Grabowski, J.R. Jeffers, and A.K. Silverman (2017). The Functional Roles of Muscles, Passive Prostheses and Powered Prostheses during Sloped Walking in People with a Transtibial Amputation. Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, Special Issue: Spotlight on the Future of Musculoskeletal Biomechanics, 139(11):1-11.
  • Giannetti, R. , A. Petrella, J. Bach, A.K. Silverman, M.A. Sáenz-Nuño and N. Pérez-Mallada (2017). In Vivo Bone Position Measurement Using High-Frequency Ultrasound Validated with 3D Optical Motion Capture Systems: A Feasibility Study. Special Issue on Technologies in Biomedical Instrumentation in Journal of Medical and Biological Engineering (JMBE), 37(4): 519-526.
  • Hegarty, A.K., A.J. Petrella, M.J. Kurz and A.K. Silverman (2017). Evaluating the Effects of Ankle Foot Orthosis Mechanical Property Assumptions on Gait Simulation Muscle Force Results. Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, 139(3):1-8.
  • Gaffney, B.M.M., C.L. Christiansen, A.M. Murray, A.K. Silverman, B.S. Davidson (2017). Separation of Rotational and Translational Segmental Angular Momentum to Assess Movement Coordination During Walking. Human Movement Science 51, 99-111.
  • Hanrahan, S.J., J.J. Nedrud, B.S. Davidson, S.M. Farris, M.L. Giroux, A.M. Haug, R. Kumar, M.H. Mahoor, A.K. Silverman, J.J. Zhang, A.O. Hebb (2016). Long-Term Task and Dopamine Dependent Dynamics of Subthalamic Local Field Potentials in Parkinson’s Disease. Brain Sciences, Special Issue: Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) Applications 6(4):57-72.
  • Pickle, N.T., J.M. Wilken, J.M. Aldridge Whitehead and A.K. Silverman (2016). Whole-body angular momentum during sloped walking using passive and powered lower-limb prostheses. Journal of Biomechanics 49(14): 3397-3406.
  • Pickle, N.T., A.M. Grabowski, A.G. Auyang and A.K. Silverman (2016). Muscle functional roles during sloped walking. Journal of Biomechanics 49(14): 3244-3251.
  • Hegarty, A.K. , M.J. Kurz, W. Stuberg and A.K. Silverman (2016). Changes in Mobility and Muscle Function of Children with Cerebral Palsy after Gait Training: A Pilot Study. Journal of Applied Biomechanics 32(5): 469-486.
  • Yoder, A.J. , A.J. Petrella, and A.K. Silverman (2015). Trunk-pelvis motion, joint loading, and muscle forces during walking among people with transtibial amputation.Gait & Posture 41(3):757-762.
  • Pickle, N.T. , J.M. Wilken, J.M. Aldridge, R.R. Neptune and A.K. Silverman (2014). Whole-body angular momentum during stair walking using passive and powered lower-limb prostheses.  Journal of Biomechanics 47(13):3380-3389.
  • D’Andrea, S., N. Wilhelm, A.K. Silverman and A.M. Grabowski (2014). Does use of a powered ankle-foot prosthesis restore whole-body angular momentum during walking at different speeds? Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research 472(1): 3044-3054.
  • Silverman, A.K.  and R.R. Neptune (2014). Three-dimensional knee joint contact forces during walking in unilateral transtibial amputees. Journal of Biomechanics47(11):2556-2562.
  • Silverman, A.K., R.R. Neptune, E.H. Sinitski and J.M. Wilken (2014). Whole-body angular momentum during stair ascent and descent. Gait & Posture 39(4):1109-1114.
  • Silverman, A.K.  and R.R. Neptune (2012). Muscle and prosthesis contributions to amputee walking mechanics: a modeling study. Journal of Biomechanics45(13):2271-2278
  • Silverman, A.K.  J.M. Wilken, E.H. Sinitski and R.R. Neptune (2012). Whole-body angular momentum during incline and decline walking. Journal of Biomechanics 45(6):965-971.
  • Silverman, A.K. and R.R. Neptune (2011). Differences in whole-body angular momentum between below-knee amputees and non-amputees across walking speeds. Journal of Biomechanics 44(3):379-385.
  • Fey, N.P., A.K. Silverman and R.R. Neptune (2010). The influence of increasing steady-state walking speed on muscle activity in below-knee amputees.  Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology 20(1):155-161.
  • Silverman, A. K., N.P. Fey, A. Portillo, J.G. Walden, G. Bosker and R.R. Neptune (2008). Compensatory mechanisms in below-knee amputee gait in response to increasing steady-state walking speeds. Gait & Posture 28(4): 602-609.
  • Lachowitzer, M.R., A. Ranes (Silverman) and G.T. Yamaguchi (2007). Musculotendon pathways and musculoskeletal parameters within the human foot. Journal of Applied Biomechanics 23(1): 20:41.

Recent Courses

  • Dynamics
  • Modeling and Simulation of Human Movement
  • Experimental Methods in Biomechanics